On February 11, 1907, 156 men, women, and children boarded the passenger steamship Larchmont in Providence, Rhode Island, for an overnight cruise to New York City. By the following morning, 137 of them were dead—drowned, frozen, or scalded to death—and the ship sat in the muck at the bottom of the Block Island Sound. Frozen Voices, a work of historical fiction, tells the stories of four people who boarded the ship that night.
The Origins of Frozen Voices
A few years ago, I was surfing the Internet, curious about what historical events had happened on my birthday, February 11th. One website listed the brief entry, “1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks off the coast of Block Island, Rhode Island, 322 die.” Having lived in Rhode Island for more than twenty years, I was surprised that I’d never heard of the Larchmont. I quickly dashed off a query letter to a local magazine, asking if they would be interested in an article about the disaster. They agreed and I began researching the facts of the event.
One source, Edwin L. Dunbaugh’s The Era of the Joy Line: A Saga of Steamboating on Long Island Sound, proved invaluable. Not only did this non-fiction volume provide the history of the steamship line, the Larchmont, and the accident, but also included snippets of information about some of the passengers onboard the ship on the night of the disaster. I began to wonder what those people—especially the ones who died that evening—would like us to remember about them. If their frozen voice could be heard now, what would they say?
I wrote my article for Rhode Island Home, Living, & Design, which appeared in their February 2009 issue, and then continued to do research on a topic that now fascinated me. I felt I had won the literary lottery when I found a copy of the January 1908 House of Representative report, “Finding in Investigation of Collision Between Steamer Larchmont and Schooner Harry Knowlton” on-line at a Brown University website. And then an enjoyable afternoon at the Rhode Island Historical Society’s Library yielded some more fascinating material, including a newspaper article about a letter Harry Houdini had sent to Millard Franklin’s family. Imagine my glee when I even found photographs of three of four of the main characters that I wanted to include in my novel! (Yes, they are all “real” people.)
The United States Life-Saving Service Report for the Year 1907 and the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission Report about the Block Island fishermen both provided me with additional factual information about the valiant efforts necessary to rescue the passengers from the frigid waters of the Block Island Sound. I compiled all of this information and then began writing my novel.
Frozen Voices has gone through many iterations in its lifetime, at times covering long periods of the lives of Millard, Sadie, George, and Anna, and then, eventually, mainly focusing on the time just before and just after the disaster. I supplemented the factual information I had gathered with specific information about other real-life people and places and then imagined how each of my characters would react and interact with others in times of calm and crisis.
During the writing of this novel, I began and completed a Master’s of Fine Arts in Creative Writing from Connecticut’s Fairfield University. Under the excellent tutelage of Director Michael C. White and many other talented faculty members, my nascent manuscript was workshopped, mentored, and honed into the novel that it is today.
So what is Frozen Voices really about and why did I feel compelled to write it? As I mentioned, while writing the novel, I spent a great deal of time contemplated each passenger’s voice. For example, did a seventeen-year-old boy have anything that he could teach the rest of the world? How had his brief life impacted the lives of those around him? Did he have to do something heroic to be remembered or could his legacy be simple human kindness? I used the novel to examine the value of my four character’s lives and to try to show how their voices affected their friends, relatives, and even the strangers around them.
Also while writing, I was fascinated with the question of why some people on the Larchmont survived and others did not. The outcome did not seem to have much to do with the physical condition of the passengers, since so many of the able-bodied seamen died while one fairly frail teenaged girl survived. So what was it about the survivors’ personalities that made them fight for life just a little harder than their fellow-passengers? I attempted to show the unique strength of my characters, the strength that allowed two of them to survive.
My only regret in writing Frozen Voices is that I feel I have only been able to reveal tiny snippets of the lives of Millard, Sadie, George, and Anna. In their own way, I feel like each of them is a compelling character worthy of more literary exploration. Perhaps, in the future, I will write new, full-length stories about each of these fascinating, real-life people.